Problems Of Secondary Education And Their Solution In Nigeria

Problems Of Secondary Education and Their Solution In Nigeria-Secondary education comes after the child must have gotten the basic (primary) education and before the tertiary education. This secondary stage serves as a recruitment ground for tertiary institutions in the country and it has contributed to the development of the education sector in the country.


The secondary education in Nigeria started in 1859 when the CMS Grammar School Lagos was opened and then the Methodist High School Lagos. Since then a lot of public and private secondary schools have been opened across the country to equip the young minds with knowledge and skill that are necessary in life and prepare them for tertiary education.

In as a much as the secondary education is one of the most important education stage of a child, it has faced a lot of problems in past years and this has made it look so ineffective and as though its objectives has been defeated.

In this write up, we will be looking at some of the problems faced by secondary education and also the solutions to the problems of secondary education in Nigeria.

Without further ado, let’s proceed…

Problems Of Secondary Education In Nigeria

These problems have defeated the objectives of secondary education in the country and has also affected education sector in the country. Some of these problems are:

Administrative problem

This is a major problem of secondary education in Nigeria as there is ineffective supervision of the implementation of educational policy in most of the secondary schools in the country.

There is some sort of inequality in the treatment and distribution of facilities to schools in the country as a result of corruption.

Poor primary education

It is known that primary education is what ushers a child into secondary school and if this stage of education is inefficient, it will surely affect the secondary education which has been a problem in the country today.

There were programs and policy put in place to boost the primary education in the country like the Universal Primary Education (UPE) in 1976 but the program did not last as a result of premature launching of the program.

Presently the Universal Basic Education (UBE) has been introduced and from all indications, it has not been effective. The state of primary education in the country is a major problem for the secondary school education and this is because the primary education is more like the learning foundation of every child.

Inadequate development of technical education

Many schools in the country are facing the problem of lack of trained teachers as a result of the faulty secondary teachers’ training program in the country and also corruption and nepotism in recruitment of teachers.

Teachers are the backbone of the school as they help to shape these students into being tomorrow’s leaders and if the teachers are inefficient and inadequate in number, the school will certainly not function well.

Unnecessary changes in school curriculum

The frequent changes in the school curriculum both at the primary and secondary stage are a big problem in the education sector.

The reason for these changes in curriculum is as a result of change in administration as every administration would want to effect its own policy whether positive or negative.

Over population

In the country presently, there are few schools in some urban and rural areas with large population and this has made most of the classrooms in these schools to be overcrowded.

Classrooms that are meant for 20-30 students will be filled with over 100 students making it difficult for the students to learn properly.

This overcrowding leads to indiscipline among the students and also difficulty in check mating examination malpractice during exam.

Also, the teachers have a lot of workload as a result of too many students making effective teaching and learning difficult to achieve.

Inadequate development of technical education

Let’s say that technical education in the country has been reduced to nothing and this has denied the students the opportunity to be creative in coming up with innovations.

Some of the technical workshops in the country are worn out and are not functioning anymore.

Lack of sporting facilities

Secondary education in Nigeria has been fashioned in a way that it doesn’t regard sporting activities in schools. There are lack of sporting facilities in most secondary schools as they feel that sporting activities are not part of the educational curriculum and so it is not necessary.

Politics in education

Politics has found its way into the heart of the educational sector and this has led to corruption both at the primary and secondary education level.

There is competition among different levels of government as they try to surpass each other which has led them to establishing institutions that will be difficult to manage later on and then there will be a reduction in the quality of education being offered.

Politics in education has also played a role in the unnecessary changes in the school curriculum as those at the top of the educational system bring in policies and programs geared towards their political agenda and regardless of the harm it would bring to the educational sector.

They use their power to appoint heads and administrators of schools which has affected the running of most secondary schools in Nigeria especially the public schools.

Poor funding

This is another major problem facing the secondary education in the country and even at other levels of education in the country. The political office holders find it difficult to release funds for educational project and this is because they do not hold education in high esteem.

They have over the years, neglected the educational sector and this has shown why they allocate low amount of money for education every year. At the various levels of government, more attention is given to other sectors even when education is supposed to be one of the most important sectors in the country.


The rise in the incident of examination malpractice is really a problem facing both the secondary and tertiary education in the country. This is because some of these students while in school join cult and their activities affect the schools.

This has shifted the attention of the school authority from providing quality education to fighting cultism in schools and it has really affected the quality of secondary education in the country.

Solutions To The Problems Of Secondary Education In Nigeria

In this part of the article, we will be pointing out the solutions to the problems we have highlighted.

Provision of adequate instructional materials

There should be adequate supply of science equipment and teaching aids to schools and also the provision of modern teaching audio-visual aids.


Well-stocked libraries should be built in schools and also well-furnished laboratories as all these will aid effective teaching and learning.

There should be regular supervision of schools

There should be regular supervision of schools as this will help to keep the heads of the schools and teachers focused, committed, consistent and hardworking.

Teachers should be motivated

There should be systems put in place to motivate teachers to put in more effort. Teachers should be given incentives especially those teaching in rural areas as this will also reduce the movement of teachers from rural to urban areas.

There should be continuous training for teachers so as to update them with the latest changes in the educational sector so as to promote effective teaching and learning.

Establishment of more schools

Since most of the schools are overcrowded as a result of too many students, more schools should be established so as to reduce the population of students and give room for effective teaching and learning.

There should be adequate funding

The government should do well to invest in education by allocating enough funds and ensuring that the funds allocated are properly managed to avoid embezzlement.

The government at all levels needs to be dedicated to delivering high quality and standard of education across the country.

Final Note

Many graduates of secondary schools in Nigeria do not perform up to expectation and this has also affected their performance in the tertiary institutions. The educational sector in general should be treated with great importance as investment in education is one of the best investments a country can ever have.

Government should do well to increase the budget allocated to the educational sector as this will help to provide facilities for proper teaching and learning.

We have highlighted the problems of secondary education and their solutions and we believe that this creates a form of awareness to the government to see how they can work towards improving the quality of education in the country.



Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button