How To

How To Reference A Case Study

How To Reference A Case Study-Case studies are of different types but we will be looking at the case studies for academic research and how you can reference or cite a case study.

Case studies have titles and publication information just like other academic research articles. An academic case study looks at an individual or small group that produces a well-detailed report that is not generalized.

These case studies are based on months of research and it is highly subjective. With case study, you get to collect information that can be useful in your field of study.

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In this article, we will be looking at how you can reference case study based on three types of writing style which are: Chicago citation style, Modern Language Association (MLA) and American Psychological Association (APA).

Let’s get started…

Chicago Style

  • Your author’s name should start your bibliographic

You will have to list your author’s names. You will list the last name, first name and then the middle name if any and all of them will be differentiated with comma and then end with a full-stop.

If you have more than one author, you will list their names and differentiate with commas with the last authors name coming after the word “and”.

Example: Eisenmann, Thomas and Herman, Koene.

  • Identify the name and number of the case study

After you must have written the name author(s) of the case study, the next is the title of the case study which should be in quotation marks and then place a full-stop after the closing quotation mark.

After the title, what follow is the case study number and then a full-stop.

Example: Eisenmann, Thomas and Herman, Koene. “Google, Inc in 2006”. HBS No. 9-806-105.

  • You will then add publication for the case study

In this part, you will type the city where the case study was published and then a colon after which you will type the name of the publishing company and then a comma after which the year the case study was published and then full-stop.

Example: Eisenmann, Thomas. and Herman, Koene. “Google, Inc in 2006”. HBS No. 9-806-105. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing, 2016.

  • If it is an online case, you will have to include the URL and date of access

You can use the main URL for the source of your case study instead of using a permalink. After the URL, a comma follows and then you type the word “accessed” along with the month and year you accessed the page.

Eisenmann, Thomas. and Herman, Koene. “Google, Inc in 2006”. HBS No. 9-806-105. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing, 2016. http://hbsp.harvard.edu, accessed May 2019.

Modern Language Association (MLA) style

  • The author’s name comes first

Just like every other style to reference a case study, the authors name comes first. You start with the author’s last name, then a comma follows after which the first name and middle name follows and then you end it with a full-stop.

If you have more than one authors, you will list their names and differentiate with commas with the last authors name coming after the word “and”.

Example: Eisenmann, Thomas.

  • Put in the title and then the phrase “case study”

After you have written the name of the author(s), you will then write the title of the case study and you will have to use the title-case where you capitalize nouns, pronouns, adverbs, verbs and adjectives.

After that, you put a full-stop and then include the phrase “Case Study” so that the reader or reviewer will know that the document is a case study and then you put a full-stop at the end.

Example: Eisenmann, Thomas and Herman, Koene. Google, Inc in 2006. Case Study.

  • Show the publication information for the case

Here, you will type the city where the case study was published, then a full-stop follows after which you will type the name of the publishing company that produced the study and then a comma follows after which you put the year the case study was published.

The case study number is not really necessary here.

Example: Eisenmann, Thomas. and Herman, Koene. Google, Inc in 2006. Case Study. Boston, MA. Harvard Business School Publishing, 2016.

  • Show if it is a print or online version you accessed

After the publication information, you can include “print” to show that you read a print version or you include “web” to show that you accessed an online version and then a full-stop at the end.

You will also have to include the date you accessed the information in a dd-mm-yy format.

Print Example: Eisenmann, Thomas. and Herman, Koene. Google, Inc in 2006. Case Study. Boston, MA. Harvard Business School Publishing, 2016. Print.

Web Example: Eisenmann, Thomas. and Herman, Koene. Google, Inc in 2006. Case Study. Boston, MA. Harvard Business School Publishing, 2016. Web. 19 May 2019.

  • If you reference the case study in the body of the paper, use the name and page number and in parenthesis

If you cited the case study in the body of your paper, you will have to put the name of the author and the page number in parenthesis at the end of the sentence.

Example: (Eisenmann 25)

American Psychological Association (APA)

  • Write the name of  the author

Just like every other style we have discussed, the authors name is the first thing that is included with the last name coming first and then a comma after which the first initial follows and then middle initial. Then you place a full-stop at the end.

Example: Eisenmann, T and Herman, K.

  • You will include the year of publication

After you must have written the name of the author(s), you will then include the year of publication and this should be in a parenthesis after which a full-stop follows after the closing parenthesis.

If there is no year of publication, you can use the abbreviation “n.d.” in parenthesis.

Example: Eisenmann, T and Herman, K. (2006).

  • Write the title of the case study in italics

When you are typing the title of the case study, you will use a sentence-case where you will capitalize only the first word and any proper nouns and they will be in italics after which a full-stop follows.

Example: Eisenmann, T and Herman, K. (2006). Google, Inc.

  • Write the case study number

After you must have written the title and the full-stop, you then type the case study number and any abbreviation or code that is listed for the publishing company.

Example: Eisenmann, T. and Herman, K. (2006). Google, Inc. HBS No. 9-806-105.

  • Write out the publication information

You will have to type the location of the publisher or publishing company and then a colon followed by the full name of the publishing company and then a full-stop at the end.

Example: Eisenmann, T and Herman, K. (2006). Google, Inc. HBS No. 9-806-105. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.

  • When there is an in-text citation, you provide the name of the author and year of publication

If you cited the case study in the body of your paper, you will have to include the last name of the author and year of publication; all these should be in parenthesis after which a full-stop should follow.

Example: (Eisenmann, T and Herman, K. 2006)

Final Note

A case study is a very useful research tool as they are used in situations where it is difficult to carry out an experiment. So for which ever line of case study you want to write, you will have to check with your instructor to the guidelines you are to follow.

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